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THE ASSOCIATION; ORGANIZATION; MEMBERSHIP AND VOTING RIGHTS
5.1 Formation of Association. The Association shall be a nonprofit Arizona corporation charged with the duties and invested with the powers prescribed by law and set forth in the Articles, Bylaws, and this Declaration.
5.2 Board of Directors and Officers. The affairs of the Association shall be conducted by the Board and such officers as the Board may elect or appoint in accordance with the Articles and the Bylaws. Until the Transition Date, the directors of the Association shall be appointed by and may be removed by the Declarant. After the Transition Date, directors shall be elected by the Members in accordance with the Articles and Bylaws. Unless the Project Documents specifically require the vote or written consent of the Members, approvals or actions to be given or taken by the Association shall be valid if given or taken by the Board. The Board shall have the power to levy reasonable fines against an Owner for a violation of the Project Documents by the Owner, a Lessee of the Owner or by any Resident of the Owner’s Lot, and to impose late charges for payment of such fines if unpaid fifteen (15) or more days after the due date, provided that the late charge shall not exceed the greater of fifteen dollars ($15.00) or ten percent (10%) of the amount of the unpaid fine, or such greater amount as permitted under applicable law. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent applicable law from time to time (i) provides for any shorter period of time after which fines may or shall become delinquent, such shorter period of time may be set by the Board to apply in lieu of the time period set forth in this Declaration, and (ii) provides for an increased amount to be charged as a late charge for fines, such amount may be modified by the Board to apply in lieu of the late charge set forth in this Declaration.
5.3 The Association Rules. The Board may, from time to time, adopt, amend and repeal rules and regulations pertaining to: (i) the management, operation and use of the Areas of Association Responsibility including, but not limited to, any recreational facilities situated upon the Areas of Association Responsibility; (ii) minimum standards for any maintenance of Lots; (iii) the health, safety or welfare of the Owners, Lessees and Residents, or (iv) restrictions on the use of Lots. In the event of any conflict or inconsistency between the provisions of this Declaration and the Association Rules, the provisions of this Declaration shall prevail. The Association Rules shall be enforceable in the same manner and to the same extent as the covenants, conditions and restrictions set forth in this Declaration.
5.4 Special Use Fees for Additional Residents. Each Resident shall be entitled to use the recreational facilities at the Winfield Resort, except that Special Use Fees may be charged for special programs, equipment and any other services determined by the Board to be subject to Special Use Fees.
5.5 Personal Liability. No member of the Board or of any committee of the Association, no officer of the Association, and no manager or other employee of the Association shall be personally liable to any Member, or to any other Person, including the Association, for any damage, loss or prejudice suffered or claimed on account of any act, omission, error, or negligence of the Association, the Board, the manager, any representative or employee of the Association, or any committee member or officer of the Association; provided, however, the limitations set forth in this Section shall not apply to any Person who has failed to act in good faith or has engaged in willful or intentional misconduct.
5.6 Implied Rights. The Association may exercise any right or privilege given to the Association expressly by the Project Documents and every other right or privilege reasonably to be implied from the existence of any right or privilege given to the Association by the Project Documents or reasonably necessary to effectuate any such right or privilege.
5.7 Identity of Members. Membership in the Association shall be limited to the Declarant and the Owners of Lots (including Builders) which are Assessable Property. An Owner of a Lot which is Assessable Property shall automatically, upon becoming the Owner thereof, be a Member of the Association and shall remain a Member of the Association until such time as his ownership ceases for any reason, at which time his Membership in the Association shall automatically cease. Membership in the Association shall be appurtenant to each Lot owned by the Declarant and each Lot which is Assessable Property, subject to the provisions of Subsection 5.8.2 herein, and may not be separately assigned, transferred or conveyed.
5.8 Allocation of Memberships.
5.8.1 Each Member shall have one Membership for each Lot owned by the Member.
5.8.2 In addition to the Memberships allocated to the Declarant pursuant to Subsection 5.7 of this Declaration, the Declarant shall have one (1) Membership for each unit of density available for residential development allowed by the Development Plan as shown thereon, which unit of density is not yet shown as a Lot on a Recorded Plat.
5.9 Voting. No Members other than the Declarant shall have any voting rights until the Transition Date. After the Transition Date, the Association shall have the following two classes of voting Memberships:
Class A. Class A Memberships shall be all Memberships except for the Class B Memberships held by the Declarant and each Owner shall be entitled to one vote for each Class A Membership held by such Owner.
Class B. Class B Memberships shall be all Memberships held by the Declarant. The Declarant shall be entitled to three (3) votes for each Membership held by the Declarant. The Class B Memberships shall expire when the Declarant no longer owns any property within the Project.
5.10 Voting Procedures. No change in the ownership of a Lot shall be effective for voting purposes unless and until the Board is given actual written notice of such change and is provided satisfactory proof thereof. The vote or votes for each such Lot must be cast as a unit, and fractional votes shall not be allowed. In the event that a Lot is owned by more than one Person or entity and such Owners are unable to agree among themselves as to how their vote or votes shall be cast, they shall lose their right to vote on the matter in question. If any Member casts a vote or votes representing a certain Lot, it will thereafter be . conclusively presumed for all purposes that he was acting with the authority and consent of all other Owners of the same Lot unless objection thereto is made at the time the vote is cast.
5.11 Transfer of Membership. The rights and obligations of any Member other than the Declarant shall not be assigned, transferred, pledged, conveyed or alienated in any way except upon transfer of ownership of an Owner’s Lot, and then only to the transferee of ownership to the Lot. A transfer of ownership to a Lot may be effected by deed, interstate succession, testamentary disposition, foreclosure of a mortgage of record, or such other legal process as now in effect or as may hereafter be established under or pursuant to the laws of the State of Arizona. Any attempt to make a prohibited transfer shall be void. Any transfer of ownership to a Lot shall operate to transfer the Membership appurtenant to said Lot to the new Owner thereof. Each Purchaser of a Lot shall notify the Association of his purchase within ten (10) days after he becomes the Owner of a Lot.
5.12 Architectural Review Committee. The Association shall have an Architectural Review Committee to perform the functions of the Architectural Review Committee set forth in this Declaration. The Architectural Review Committee shall consist of such number of regular members and alternate members as may be provided for in the Bylaws. So long as the Declarant is a Member of the Association, the Declarant shall have the sole right to appoint and remove all members of the Architectural Review Committee. At such time as the Declarant no longer is a Member of the Association, the members of the Architectural Review Committee shall be appointed by the Board. The Declarant may at any time voluntarily surrender its right to appoint and remove the members of the Architectural Review Committee, and in that event the Declarant may require, for so long as the Declarant is a Member of the Association, that specified actions of the Architectural Review Committee, as described in a Recorded instrument, be approved by and executed by the Declarant before they become effective. The Architectural Review Committee may adopt, amend and repeal architectural guidelines, standards and procedures to be used in rendering its decisions. Such guidelines, standards and procedures may include, without limitation, provisions regarding: (i) the size of Residential Units; (ii) architectural design, with particular regard to the harmony of the design with the surrounding structures and topography; (iii) placement of Residential Units and other buildings; (iv) landscaping design, content and conformance with the character of the Property and permitted and prohibited plants; (v) requirements concerning exterior color schemes, exterior finishes and materials; (vi) signage; and (vii) perimeter and screen wall design and appearance. The decision of the Architectural Review Committee shall be final on all matters submitted to it pursuant to this Declaration, subject to the laws of all applicable governmental authorities. The Design Guidelines may contain general provisions which are applicable to all of the Project as well as provisions which vary from one portion of the Project to another depending upon the location, unique characteristics and intended use thereof. The Architectural Review Committee may establish one or more subcommittees consisting of one or more members of the Architectural Review Committee and may delegate to such subcommittee or subcommittees the authority and power of the Architectural Review Committee to approve or disapprove the construction, installation or alteration of Improvements within a specified portion of the Project.
5.13 Conveyance or Encumbrance of Common Area. Except for dedications to Maricopa County, the City of Scottsdale or any other governmental or quasi-governmental authority, the Common Area shall not be mortgaged, transferred, dedicated or encumbered after the Transition Date without the prior written consent or affirmative vote of Owners representing at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes entitled to be cast by Members of the Association. The Board shall have the right to change the size, shape or location of the Common Area upon (a) adoption of a resolution by the Board stating that in the Board’s opinion the change proposed shall be for the benefit of the Members and Residents and shall not substantially adversely affect them, and (b) the approval of such resolution by Declarant as long as the Declarant owns any property within the Project.
5.14 Procedure for Change of Use of Common Area. Upon (a) adoption of a resolution by the Board stating that in the Board’s opinion the then present use of a designated part of the Common Area is no longer in the best interests of the Members and Residents, and (b) the approval of such resolution by Declarant as long as the Declarant owns any property within the Project, the Board shall have the power and right to change the use of such property (and in connection therewith, construct, reconstruct, alter or change the buildings, structures and Improvements thereon in any manner deemed necessary by the Board to accommodate the new use), provided such new use (i) shall be for the benefit of the Members and Residents, as determined by the Board, and (ii) shall be consistent with any deed restrictions, zoning and other municipal regulations restricting or limiting the use of the land.
5.15 Contracts with Others for Performance of Association’s Duties. Subject to the restrictions and limitations contained herein, the Association may enter into contracts and transactions with others, including Declarant and its affiliated companies, and such contracts or transactions shall not be invalidated or in any way affected by the fact that one or more directors or officers of the Association or members of any committee are employed by or otherwise connected with Declarant or its affiliates, provided that the fact of such interest shall be disclosed or known to the other directors acting upon such contract or transaction, and provided further that the transaction or contract is fair and reasonable. Any such director, officer or committee member may be counted in determining the existence of a quorum at any meeting of the Board or committee of which such person is a member which shall authorize any contract or transaction described above or grant or deny any approval sought by Declarant, its affiliated companies or any competitor thereof and may vote at the meeting to authorize any such contract, transaction or approval with like force and effect as if he were not so interested.
5.16 Suspension of Voting Rights. If any Owner fails to pay any Assessments or other amounts due to the Association under the Project Documents within fifteen (15) days after such payment is due or if any Owner violates any other provision of the Project Documents and such violation is not cured within fifteen (15) days after the Association notifies the Owner of the violation, the Board of Directors shall have the right to suspend such Owner’s right to vote until such time as all payments, including interest and attorneys’ fees, are brought current, and until any other infractions or violations of the Project Documents are corrected.
5.17 Change of Restaurant from Public to Private Facility. At any time prior to the Transition Date, and at any time after the Transition Date upon (a) adoption of a resolution by the Board stating that in the Board’s opinion the operation of the Restaurant as a public facility is no longer in the best interests of the Members and Residents, and (b) the approval of such resolution by the prior written consent or affirmative vote of Owners representing at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes entitled to be cast by Members of the Association, the Board shall have the power and right to restrict the use of the Restaurant to Members and Residents, subject to the provisions of Subsection 4.1.1(v) and subject to any provisions contained in a lease or management agreement with a Restaurant operator which may be effective at the time of such action by the Board.
5.18 Change of Tennis Club to Private Facility. At any time prior to the Transition Date, and at any time after the Transition Date upon (a) adoption of a resolution by the Board stating that in the Board’s opinion the use of the Tennis Club by the general public is no longer in the best interests of the Members and Residents, and (b) the approval of such resolution _by the prior written consent or affirmative vote of Owners representing at least two-thirds (2/3) of the votes entitled to be cast by Members of the Association, the Board shall have the power and right to restrict the use of the Tennis Club to Members and Residents, subject to the provisions of Subsection 4.1.1(v) and subject to the provisions contained in a lease or management agreement with a Tennis Club operator and in any agreements for the use of the Tennis Club between the Association and Persons other than Owners and Residents which may be effective at the time of such action by the Board.
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